The famous T-34 tank in all its variants made up 55% of Soviet tank and Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) production from 1940-45. The T-34 production of 58,701 tanks was greater than the total German tank production of 48,876 of all tank models combined. Since not all German tanks or other armored vehicles were on the Eastern Front the Soviet ratio advantage after 1941 was significant.
The Soviet Union produced a vast array of tanks and self-propelled guns during World War II. The following is a brief overview of the types, models, quantities, years produced, and where they were produced.
The T-26 was a light infantry tank that was first introduced in 1931. The Soviet Union produced over 12,000 T-26 tanks from 1931 to 1941, and they saw action throughout the war.
The T-34 was a medium tank that was first introduced in 1940. It quickly became one of the most important tanks of the war, and the Soviet Union produced over 84,000 T-34s from 1940 to 1958. These tanks were manufactured at various locations during the war including the Dzerzhinsky Tractor Factory in Stalingrad which kept producing during the Battle of Stalingrad until September 1942. Production of the T-34 required between 3,094–9,000 man hours. This compared highly favorably to the Germany’s Tiger II requiring 300,000 man hours.
The KV-1 was a heavy tank that was first introduced in 1939. The Soviet Union produced over 5,000 KV-1 tanks from 1939 to 1943. Most of these tanks were produced in the cities of Kirov and Chelyabinsk. The Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant became to be informally known as Tankograd.
The IS-2 was a heavy tank that was first introduced in 1943 and was named after Joseph Stalin. The Soviet Union produced over 3,800 IS-2 tanks from 1943 to 1945. Many of these tanks were produced in the city of Kirov.
The SU-76 was a light SPG (76 mm) that was first introduced in late 1942. The Soviet Union produced over 14,000 SU-76s from 1942 to 1945.The SU-76 was the second most produced Soviet armored vehicle after the T-34 tank.
The SU-85 was a SPG (85 mm) that was first introduced in August 1943. The Soviet Union produced 2,650 SU-85s from 1943 to 1944. This SPG fell into the tank destroyer category.
The SU-100 was a SPG (100 mm) that was first introduced in October 1944. The Soviet Union produced 4,976 SU-100s. This SPG fell into the tank destroyer category.
Overall, the Soviet Union produced a staggering number of tanks and self-propelled guns during World War II. These armored vehicles played a crucial role in the Soviet Union’s victory over Nazi Germany on the Eastern Front.
Soviet Tanks / SPGs Production by Year Data
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|1||Light Tanks / SPGs||0||2,434||2,340||9,580||5,311||7,155||2,966||29,786|
|2||Medium Tanks / SPGs||131||128||3,016||12,686||17,081||17,067||14,146||64,255|
|3||Heavy Tanks / SPGs||0||243||1,353||2,635||1,422||4,764||3,100||13,517|
|4||Total Tanks / SPGs||131||2,805||6,709||24,901||23,814||28,986||20,212||107,558|
Source: Wikipedia. ‘Soviet combat vehicle production during World War II’, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_combat_vehicle_production_during_World_War_II, Data accessed on July 7, 2022
Other Production and Availability Data
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